Monday, November 3, 2008

Personal Installation Guide for Ubuntu 8.10 in VMWare for iPhone / Android SDK development

(1) Download ubuntu-8-1.10-desktop-i386.iso (32 bit Intel i386 Desktop)
MD5 (ubuntu-8-1.10-desktop-i386.iso) = 24ea1163ea6c9f5dae77de8c49ee7c03

Installation is very easy just mount the iso image in the VMWare, and everything goes default. then install VMWare tools. If network does not work try command "sudo dhclient"

If you want to install Ubuntu 8.10 in Virtual PC 2007
see this guide

(2) VMWare Settings : Harddisk Size 8G, Ram 512MB

(3) Purpose : sdk development on iPhone / Android
Allows samba mount, ssh / scp access
apache2 server with php5 support for sqlite3 db

(4) Add root access for useraccount without password (this does not work, I don't know why, so you still need password)
Ubuntu default root disabled, so you can disable password input by editing etc/sudoers
sudo visudo
Add this line (e.g. sdkuser is the default user account)

(5) install build essential packages so that you can compile llvm-gcc for iPhone toolchain SDK2.0

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential bison flex

(6) install server packages so that you can have local webserver and ssh and samba server

sudo apt-get install apache2 php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-cli php5-common php5-cgi php5-sqlite openssh-server samba

Install php5-sqlite3
sudo apt-get install php-db php-pear
sudo dpkg -i php-sqlite3_0.5-1_i386.deb

(7) Create Project folder for smb mount (guest login ok) so that you can use windows / smb mount the virtual machine folder

(assume sdkuser is the default user account)

mkdir -p /home/sdkuser/Projects
chmod 777 /home/sdkuser/Projects

sudoedit /etc/samba/smb.conf

and add the followings at the end

smb.conf: Select all

comment = Projects Folder Share
writable = yes
locking = no
path = /home/sdkuser/Projects
public = yes
browseable = yes
guest ok = yes
create mask = 0666
directory mask = 0777

Note : you have to restart samba server to make the new configuration effective
sudo /etc/init.d/samba restart

Update for Ubuntu 9 /10
You have to edit
sudo vi /etc/apt/sources.list
and uncomment these in order to install sun-java6-jdk
deb maverick partner
deb-src maverick partner

(8) install jdk6 so that you can compile Andriod app

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jdk

(9) Download Android SDK from

install in ~/Android/

mkdir -p ~/Android/
sudo unzip ~/Desktop/ -d ~/Android/
sudo chown -R sdkuser:sdkuser ~/Andriod

Update for android-sdk 2.0 or above

mkdir -p ~/Android/
tar xzvf ~/Downloads/android-sdk_r12-linux_x86.tgz
~/Android/tools/android update sdk

create sd card & test emulator

~/Android/android-sdk-linux_x86-1.0_r1/tools/mksdcard -l SD500M 500M ~/Android/sd500m.img

~/Android/android-sdk-linux_x86-1.0_r1/tools/emulator -datadir ~/Android -scale 0.7 -sdcard ~/Android/sd500m.img &

(10) Download and Install Eclipse 3.4.1 (you can't use the debian package eclipse which is 3.2 only)

install in /usr/lib

cd /usr/lib; sudo tar -xzvf ~/Desktop/eclipse-java-ganymede-SR1-linux-gtk.tar.gz

Update for eclipse-java-helios

mkdir -p ~/Android/
cd /usr/lib; sudo tar -xzvf ~/Downloads/eclipse-java-helios-SR2-linux-gtk.tar.gz

Add main menu & icon for eclipse in GNOME

sudoedit /usr/share/applications/eclipse.desktop

and save this

eclipse.desktop: Select all

[Desktop Entry]
Comment=Develop applications in a variety of different programming languages

There is no eclipse icon in the download file eclipse-java-ganymede-SR1-linux-gtk.tar.gz. You can get it from eclipse 3.2.2 package
and install it manually

download the eclipse 3.2.2 package

extract the package and copy the icons to /usr/share/pixmaps/
dpkg -x eclipse_3.2.2-5ubuntu2_i386.deb tmp
sudo cp tmp/usr/share/pixmaps/* /usr/share/pixmaps/
rm -fr tmp

Install Android sdk plug-in for Eclipse
(based on
add this site and install in Eclipse

Edit Eclipse's preference for Andriod (Window -> Preferences -> Android)

SDK location

emulator options
-scale 0.7 -sdcard /home/sdkuser/Android/sd500m.img

Test HelloActivity in Eclipse
(a) Create a New Android Project in Eclipse (File -> New -> Project... -> Android -> Android Project)
(b) Choose Create project from existing source and browse to ~/Android/android-sdk-linux_x86-1.0_r1/samples/HelloActivity
(c) Run HelloActivity as Android Application
(d) Then the emulator will start Hello, World! will be on the emulator screen

Note: Please don't set the workspace of Eclipse to the sample project folder
or else you will get error when importing project from existing source

Update for iphone toolchain4 for SDK4.x+
You need to install clang 2.7 or above in Ubuntu 8.10


(11) Install iPhone llvm-gcc and toolchain SDK2.0
Refer to this article and download the file UpgradeToolChain2.tgz and build the llvm-gcc for iPhone

Install ldid in Linux, so that you can fake codesign it

cd ~/Projects
tar -zxf ldid-1.0.476.tgz
cd ldid-1.0.476
g++ -I . -o util/ldid{,.cpp} -x c util/{lookup2,sha1}.c
sudo cp -a util/ldid /usr/bin

or here

updated ldid source

Updates : If you compiled it in cgywin, you need to add (uint32_t) in the source code ldid.cpp that has ambiguous overload call error message like this

error: call of overloaded 'Swap(int)' is ambiguous

If you need to codesign the iPhone binary in Linux add this to your build script

export CODESIGN_ALLOCATE=/usr/toolchain2/pre/bin/arm-apple-darwin9-codesign_allocate; ldid -S $(PROJECTNAME)

(12) test apache2 and php so that you can see the php info page in the local webserver

In Firefox browser of Ubuntu enter this address

enable php5 (sometimes you need this)
a2enmod php5

restart apache server
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

create this test.php script in /var/www

sudo chown -R sdkuser:sdkuser /var/www
echo "<?php phpinfo(); ?>" > /var/www/test.php

and see the php info in Firefox browser of Ubuntu

(13) create sqlite3 db
sqlite3 test.db: Select all

sudo chown -R sdkuser:sdkuser /var/www
cd /var/www
sqlite3 test.db
sqlite> create table test (id integer primary key, value text);
sqlite> insert into test (value) values('eenie');
sqlite> insert into test (value) values('meenie');
sqlite> insert into test (value) values('miny');
sqlite> insert into test (value) values('mo');
sqlite> select * from test;
sqlite> .exit

and test sqlite3 & php5-sqlite3 by using testdb.php script to test the access to sqlite3 db on webserver

(14) testdb.php
testdb.php: Select all

<// Version 0.01
<head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text-html; charset=UTF-8" /></head>
<title>iPhone Database</title>

$ip_dbpath[] = '/var/www/test.db';

// $ip_dbpath[] = '/var/www/sms.db';
// $ip_dbpath[] = '/var/www/call_history.db';
// $ip_dbpath[] = '/var/www/notes.db';
// $ip_dbpath[] = '/var/www/AddressBook.sqlitedb';
// $ip_dbpath[] = '/var/www/Calendar.sqlitedb';

// db location in iPhone /private/var/mobile/Library/SMS/sms.db
// db location in iPhone /private/var/mobile/Library/CallHistory/call_history.db
// db location in iPhone /private/var/mobile/Library/Notes/notes.db
// db location in iPhone /private/var/mobile/Library/AddressBook/AddressBook.sqlitedb
// db location in iPhone /private/var/mobile/Library/Calendar/Calendar.sqlitedb

$ip_dbdesc[] = 'test';

// $ip_dbdesc[] = 'SMS';
// $ip_dbdesc[] = 'Call History';
// $ip_dbdesc[] = 'Notes';
// $ip_dbdesc[] = 'Address Book';
// $ip_dbdesc[] = 'Calendar';

$ip_query[] = 'SELECT * from test order by 1';
// $ip_query[] = 'SELECT date, address, text FROM message order by 1 desc, 2;';
// $ip_query[] = 'SELECT date, address, duration FROM call order by 1 desc;';
// $ip_query[] = 'SELECT creation_date, data, title FROM Note inner join note_bodies on Note.ROWID = note_bodies.note_id order by 1;';
// $ip_query[] = 'SELECT First, Last, Middle, CreationDate, ModificationDate FROM ABPerson;';
// $ip_query[] = 'SELECT start_date, end_date, summary, location, description FROM Event order by 1, 2;';

// $dbcount = sizeof($ip_dbpath);
// if you uncomment the above db & query and add copy the iPhone db , you can list out the content of sqlitedb of iPhone
$dbcount = 1;

for ($dbnum=0;$dbnum<$dbcount;$dbnum++){

try {
$dbpath = $ip_dbpath[ $dbnum ];
$dbh = new PDO('sqlite:'.$dbpath);
$query = $ip_query[ $dbnum ];
$stmt = $dbh->prepare($query);
catch (PDOException $e) {
die("Could not open database" . $e->getMessage());
$colcount = $stmt->columnCount();
echo "<h1>". $ip_dbdesc[ $dbnum ] . "</h1>";
echo "<table cellpadding=10 border=1>";

for ($i=0;$i<$colcount;$i++) {
$meta = $stmt->getColumnMeta($i);
echo "<td>".$meta["name"]."</td>";

while ($row = $stmt->fetch()) {
echo "<tr>";
for ($i=0;$i<$colcount;$i++) {
$meta = $stmt->getColumnMeta($i);
if ($meta["native_type"] == "null") {
echo "<td> </td>";
elseif (preg_match("/date$/i", $meta["name"])) {
echo "<td>". date("j M Y D g.i a", $row[$i])."</td>";
elseif (preg_match("/[call|sms]$/i", $meta["name"]) && $meta["name"] == "address" && strlen(rtrim($row[ $i])) == 8) {
echo "<td><A href='Tel:".$row[$i]."'>".$row[$i]."</A></td>";
else {
echo "<td>".$row[ $i]."</td>";
echo "</tr>";
echo "</table>";

(15) Enjoy building app
Why to install apache2, php5 and php5-sqlite3 in Ubuntu ?

Because both iPhone and Andriod SDK use sqlite3 as database engine.
Webserver can be served for many purposes when testing including http get/post access and cydia repository as well.

Additional Notes
If you need to install flash plugin in firefox
sudo apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree

If you need to install java plugin in firefox
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-plugin

If you need to install xpdf
sudo apt-get install xpdf-reader

If you need to install jedit
sudo apt-get install jedit

If you want to install mysql, it will promot you to enter the root password of mysql during installation
sudo apt-get install mysql-server php5-mysql

use this to login mysql
mysql -u root -h localhost -p

To change sql root password from oldpassword to newpassword
mysqladmin -u root -poldpassword password newpassword

Create a new database (newsdb) and new user (newsuser) with password (newspassword)

mysql -u root -p
> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON newsdb.* TO newsuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'newspassword';


codez said...

Thanks for sharing. It helps alot!

Nelnik said...

I have a PC with window's vista. Can I use this to develop an app that can be sold on Apple's iphone App Store? The information I have so far seems to suggest that I would need to buy a Mac on which to do the development.

javacom said...

In response to Nelnik said

No you can't. You need a Mac OS X environment under Intel machine to do that. Putting apps to App Store need Apple's certification and code signing process which can only be done in a Mac OS X environment. Buy a mac mini or white macbook will do the job, but it must be Intel CPU.

If you don't want to buy a Mac, you may want to have a hackint0sh PC running Mac OS X. There are many successful installations out there.

Nelnik said...

Javacom, thanks for the informative response, even though the message is not what I wanted to hear...

Anonymous said...

Surely Apple deserve a good hard slap from the monopolies commission for not allowing code signing from any OS other than their own?!?!

Particularly when it's clearly possible to code for the iPhone OS from both Linux and Windows.

Even if the US isn't prepared to, hopefully the EU can do a similar service to users as they've done with Microsoft's monopolistic[?] abuse. (think web browser integration)